Laodicea was the chief city of the Lycus River Valley region. The Greek deity considered to be the greatest of the Olympian gods. Homer, the Greek poet, often called Zeus “the father of archaeology and the new testament john mcray pdf and men,” the ruler and protector of all.
The city was founded between 261 and 253 B. The city became part of the kingdom of Pergamon and later passed into Roman hands in 133 B. Cicero, the famous Roman orator and statesman, served as governor of the province, residing mostly in Laodicea. It was one of the wealthiest cities of the ancient world! When Laodicea was destroyed by an earthquake in 60 A. Roman empire and rebuilt the city from their own wealth. Laodicea quickly became a rich city, rich enough to be able to rebuild itself without outside help after the destructive earthquake of 60 A.
In common with many of the Hellenistic cities there was a prosperous Jewish colony established there well before the Christian era. The city’s reputation was for its money transactions and the good quality of raven-black wool grown in the area. Laodicea was a great center for the manufacturing of clothing — the sheep which grazed around Laodicea were famous for the soft, black wool they produced. Laodicea was well known for it’s school of medicine.