HCMC” and “Saigon” redirect here. Thanh Pho Ho chi minh city travel guide pdf Chi Minh. Vietnamese in the 17th century. The city’s population is expected to grow to 13.
20 million inhabitants by 2020. Ho Chi Minh City has gone by several different names during its history, reflecting settlement by different ethnic, cultural and political groups. Vietnamese administrative structures in the Mekong Delta and its surroundings. Prey Nokor, and which can still be seen at Cây Mai temple and surrounding areas. It may also refer to the dense and tall forest that once existed around the city, a forest to which the Khmer name, Prey Nokor, already referred. English word ‘Nation’ — thus, “forest city” or “forest kingdom”.
This name, though not his given name, was one he favored throughout his later years. Today this forms the area of Ho Chi Minh City. Ho Chi Minh City began as a small fishing village likely known as Prey Nokor, “Forest City”, or perhaps Preah Reach Nokor which, according to a Khmer Chronicle meant “Royal City”. Beginning in the early 17th century, colonization of the area by Vietnamese settlers gradually isolated the Khmer of the Mekong Delta from their brethren in Cambodia proper and resulted in their becoming a minority in the delta. Vietnam to settle in the area of Prey Nokor and to set up a customs house there. Increasing waves of Vietnamese settlers, which the Cambodian kingdom could not impede because it was weakened by war with Thailand, slowly Vietnamized the area.
In time, Prey Nokor became known as Saigon. Prey Nokor was the most important commercial seaport to the Khmers. Vietnamese administrative structures in the area, thus detaching the area from Cambodia, which was not strong enough to intervene. He is often credited with the expansion of Saigon into a significant settlement. Conquered by France and Spain in 1859, the city was influenced by the French during their colonial occupation of Vietnam, and a number of classical Western-style buildings and French villas in the city reflect this. Saigon had, in 1929, a population of 123,890, including 12,100 French. Saïgon and Cholon was formed.
Saïgon and Cholon, meanwhile, remained separate cities with their respective mayors and municipal councils. Japan, and before the Communist revolution in China. They were led by Ho Chi Minh. The Viet Minh-held sections of Vietnam were more concentrated in rural areas. Following the death of Franklin Roosevelt and the abandonment of anti-colonialist policies the U. 1949 with himself as head of state. Saigon government continued to govern the State of Vietnam which continued in the southern half of the country and the southern half gaining independence from France.