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Once fully implemented, there is to be “an ASHA in every village” in India, a target that translates into 250,000 ASHAs in 10 states. The grand total number of ASHAs in India was reported in July 2013 to be 870,089. There are 859,331 ASHAs in 32 states and union territories as per the data provided by the states in December 2014. This excludes data from the states of Himachal Pradesh, Goa, Puducherry and Chandigarh, since the selection of ASHA is under way in these states. ASHAs are local women trained to act as health educators and promoters in their communities.
ASHAs are also meant to serve as a key communication mechanism between the healthcare system and rural populations. ASHAs must primarily be female residents of the village that they have been selected to serve, who are likely to remain in that village for the foreseeable future. Married, widowed or divorced women are preferred over women who have yet to marry since Indian cultural norms dictate that upon marriage a woman leaves her village and migrates to that of her husband. If there is no suitable literate candidate, a semi-literate woman with a formal education lower than eighth standard, may be selected. Although ASHAs are considered volunteers, they receive outcome-based remuneration and financial compensation for training days. ASHAs spend on their CHW tasks is relatively flexible. A baseline survey is to be taken at the district level.
It is for fixing decentralized monitoring goals and indicators. The community monitoring would be at the village level. Planning commission would be the eventual monitor of outcomes. External evaluation will be taken up in frequent intervals. 13 times for eligible couples and 1. National Institute of Health and Family Welfare.
Frequently Asked Questions on ASHA. National Rural Health Mission: Mission Document. This page was last edited on 11 November 2017, at 13:33. The service you were trying to reach is temporarily down. We apologize for the inconvenience and hope to have it up and running again soon. Chronic diseases and conditions—such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, obesity, and arthritis—are among the most common, costly, and preventable of all health problems.