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Organic farming in india pdf

Please forward this error screen to 188. Due to India’s geographical location, certain parts experience different climates, thus affecting each region’s agricultural productivity differently. India is very dependent on its organic farming in india pdf cycle for large crop yields. India’s agriculture has an extensive background which goes back to at least 10 thousand years.

Currently the country holds the second position in agricultural production in the world. Despite the steady decline in agriculture’s contribution to the country’s GDP, agriculture is the biggest industry in the country and plays a key role in the socioeconomic growth of the country. It is also the second biggest harvester of vegetables and fruit, representing 8. India also has the biggest number of livestock in the world, holding 281 million. In 2008, the country housed the second largest number of cattle in the world with 175 million.

Many regions on the western side of India experience less than 50 cm of rain annually, so the farming systems are restricted to cultivate crops that can withstand drought conditions and farmers are usually restricted to single cropping. 200 cm of rainfall annually without irrigation, so these regions have the ability to double crop. There are three different types of crops that are cultivated throughout India. Each type is grown in a different season depending on their compatibility with certain weather. Examples of such crops are rice, corn, millet, groundnut, moong, and urad.

Irrigation farming is when crops are grown with the help of irrigation systems by supplying water to land through rivers, reservoirs, tanks, and wells. Over the last century, the population of India has tripled. With a growing population and increasing demand for food, the necessity of water for agricultural productivity is crucial. India’s grain harvest comes from irrigated land. The land area under irrigation expanded from 22.

6 million hectares in FY 1950 to 59 million hectares in FY 1990. The main strategy for these irrigation systems focuses on public investments in surface systems, such as large dams, long canals, and other large-scale works that require large amounts of capital. Between 1951 and 1990, nearly 1,350 large- and medium-sized irrigation works were started, and about 850 were completed. Because funds and technical expertise were in short supply, many projects moved forward at a slow pace, including The Indira Gandhi Canal project.