A white flag with horizontal blue bands close to the start up nation israel pdf and bottom, and a blue star of David in the middle. Menorah surrounded by an olive branch on each side, and the name “Israel”, in Hebrew, below it.
Political map of the Middle East with Israel in red. An inset shows a world map with the main map’s edges outlined. Golan Heights and East Jerusalem. 1 million people in 2013 and 6.
Israel says that its capital is Jerusalem, but most countries do not agree with that. Jewish law can be accomplished only on its soil. Israel in about 1000 BCE and made the city of Jerusalem his capital. Solomon died in about 928 BCE.
His kingdom broke into two countries. The northern country kept the name Israel. Kingdom of Judah in 586 BCE. Many Jews returned from Babylonia and built a country again. The Jews fought against the Romans but the Romans defeated them. Romans destroyed Jerusalem and the Jewish Temple there. Again, in 132 CE, the Romans defeated the Jews and killed or took many of them to other places.
The number of Jews living in Israel became much smaller. Many were forced to live in other countries. 2nd to 4th centuries CE. 635 CE, when Arabs conquered the region. Since the Diaspora, there have been many attempts to make a new homeland for the Jewish people.