Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. A hyeong is a systematic, prearranged taegeuk sa jang pdf of martial techniques that is performed either with or without the use of a weapon. Hyeong may resemble combat, but are artistically non-combative and woven together so as to be an effective conditioning tool.
One’s aptitude for a particular hyeong may be evaluated in competition. In such competitions, hyeong are evaluated by a panel of judges who base the score on many factors including energy, precision, speed, and control. In western competitions, there are two general classes of hyeong: creative and standard. China during the Japanese occupation. Collectively, these schools are referred to as the nine original kwans of taekwondo. The majority of the forms used, however, derived from Shotokan karate. In many cases they were given new names.
Symbolically, each form in the palgwae series corresponds to one trigram. Though the movements in the taegeuk forms are different from those of the palgwae forms, each taegeuk form is likewise associated with a corresponding I Ching trigram. The first form in the series, Koryo, was replaced by a new form of the same name in 1971, as part of the transition from the palgwae to taegeuk forms. Also, this trigram has a relationship to South and Father. Palgwe are aimed to be performed believing that man has limitations, but that we can overcome these limitations. The Lake and its water symbolize the flowing and calm nature of the martial artist.
This form is to reflect those attributes. Related to this symbol is also East and the relationship of the Second Daughter. Fire contains a lot of energy. The symbol behind the fire is similar to the symbolism of the water in that both can aid and both can destroy. This form is intended to be performed rhythmically, with some outbursts of energy to reflect fire’s rhythmic and energetic dualism. Thunder comes from the sky and is absorbed by the earth, thus, according to the beliefs of the I Ching, thunder is one of the most powerful natural forces.
Thunder for which it is named. The I Ching promotes that wind is a gentle force, but can sometimes be furious, destroying everything in its path. The performer and audience should be aware of the duality of the form. Also, there is a relation to West and the relationship with a Second son. Sometimes standing still like water in a lake, sometimes thriving as a river, sometimes powerful like a waterfall. The water is to symbolize calm and cleansing, while also possessing the attribute of being violent and destructive.
Also, it represents the northwest and youngest son. The symbolism behind the mountain is the indomitable and majestic nature that all mountains possess. Also, there is a representation of North and Mother. Yin, here, represents the end of the beginning, the evil part of all that is good. Taegeuk, it represents the end of the circle and the cyclic nature of the Earth. The people from the Goryeo defeated the Mongolian aggressors.
The line of direction is the shape of the Hanja for a “Scholar”, learned man. Keumgang means “diamond,” symbolizing hardness. Baekdoo is a known symbol for Korea. Baekdoo, the origin of the nation of Korea. The name carries with it a connotation of being large and majestic. Sipjin stands for ten symbols of longevity, which are Sun, Moon, Mountain, Water, Stone, Pine tree, Herb of eternal youth, Turtle, Deer, and Crane. According to belief, it is mysterious, infinite and profound.
The motions of Cheonkwon are full of piety, vitality and reverence. The symbol of the water repeats itself many times throughout all pumsae, hyeongs, and in martial arts in general. The state of spiritual cultivation in Buddhism is called ‘Ilyo’ which means ‘oneness’. In Ilyo, body and mind, spirit and substance, “I” and “you” are unified. It is a discipline in which every movement is concentrated on leaving all materialistics thoughts, obsessions and external influences behind. Lim Won Sup, is credited with developing the Juche pattern.
Ch’ang Hon patterns as well. It consists of forearm low blocks and punches in the first part to represent earth, and inner forearm middle blocks and punches in the second part to denote heaven. It does not use any kicks. The cross shaped diagram represents the four elements of the universe : fire, water, air and earth. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38-degree latitude and the diagram of the pattern represents scholar. Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger.